Slavica Occitania

Gustave Chpet et son héritage. Aux sources russes du structuralisme et de la sémiotique - Gustave Chpet et son époque

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Lioudmila GOGOTISHVILI

G. Chpet et M. Bakhtine : Divergences attendues et le rapprochements inattendus

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Abstract

G. Shpet and M. Bakhtin: the Expected Divergences and Unexpected Approximations

Even though the linguistic theories by Shpet and Bakhtin proceed from the diametrically opposite assumptions, they are, nevertheless, conceptually approaching each other in series of the intellectual and logical moments and constructions. The thesis expounded in the paper is that one of significant reasons for this approximation is the rarely mentioned circumstance, namely, that beyond the evident contradictions between Shpet and Bakhtin there is an underlying non sequitur likeness, and this likeness is determined by unity of their mutual dominant target – to find a way out of linguistical subjectivity. The direct contrarity of theirs conceptions is rooted in the different understanding of the very nature of the correlation between language and meaning. As is generally known, Shpet tended to bring them together as much as possible, still avoiding the full merging, hoping that this very nearness would open the real perspective of getting rid of, as he said, a solitary confinement of subjectivism. Whereas Bakhtin, on the contrary, insisted that the distance between meaning and language, still avoiding the complete separation, is unavoidable and blessed, and he pinned his faith upon polyphony – the special creative form that makes use just of this distance – as the only way to overcome solipsism.

Pour citer ce document

Lioudmila GOGOTISHVILI, «G. Chpet et M. Bakhtine : Divergences attendues et le rapprochements inattendus» in Maryse Dennes (éd.) Gustave Chpet et son héritage. Aux sources russes du structuralisme et de la sémiotique, Slavica Occitania, 26, 2008, p. 49-62.