Slavica Occitania

Gustave Chpet et son héritage. Aux sources russes du structuralisme et de la sémiotique - Gustave Chpet et son époque

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Marta TRYBOWSKA

La pensée de Gustave Chpet et l’anthropologie polonaise : Chpet et Ingarden

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Abstract

The Philosophy of Gustav Shpet and the Polish Anthropology: Shpet and Ingarden.

According to Ingarden, a man is a human being with the triple constitution- physical, psychic and spiritual. Ingarden claims that a man is an axiological being who has personal values. We can notice that Ingarden’s theory of the man has tendency to hypostasis and metaphysic. Shpet’s anthropology in comparison with Ingarden is an original attempts to overcome the metaphysical thinking. Shpet defines an individual as an element of community who participates in it through language (communication), abilities and culture. ‘Ego” does not exist beyond the communicative community. The body and products of human, objectivized through a participation in community are only personal.

Pour citer ce document

Marta TRYBOWSKA, «La pensée de Gustave Chpet et l’anthropologie polonaise : Chpet et Ingarden» in Maryse Dennes (éd.) Gustave Chpet et son héritage. Aux sources russes du structuralisme et de la sémiotique, Slavica Occitania, 26, 2008, p. 191-198.