Slavica Occitania

Gustave Chpet et son héritage. Aux sources russes du structuralisme et de la sémiotique - Gustave Chpet et son héritage, actualité de sa pensée

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Natalia AVTONOMOVA

Les principes épistémologiques de la critique de l’ethnodéterminisme

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Abstract

Gustav Shpet: Epistemological Principles of Ethnodeterminism

Ethnodeterminism is defined as a tendency to explain the whole of human culture by ethnic factors. In post-soviet Russia, ethnodeterminism is a huge and diffuse complex of phenomena which testifies to ethnicity, nationality establishing themselves as the main explanatory factors in accounting for social, political and linguistic processes. The presented analysis is meant as a criticism of the subtle methodological and epistemological assumptions which underlie the idea of national originality. The supports for criticizing the idea inside its cultural domain are found in the work of Russian philosopher Gustav Shpet (1879-1937).

Pour citer ce document

Natalia AVTONOMOVA, «Les principes épistémologiques de la critique de l’ethnodéterminisme» in Maryse Dennes (éd.) Gustave Chpet et son héritage. Aux sources russes du structuralisme et de la sémiotique, Slavica Occitania, 26, 2008, p. 373-385.